Warm, windy days allowed some farmers to finish planting but also placed stress on field crops as topsoil is becoming very dry in many areas, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Emergence of both corn and soybeans has been slow and uneven in some fields due to dry and crusted soils. Farmers were busy spraying herbicides and applying nitrogen to corn.
Wheat fields in central and northern areas are shorter than normal which will result in lower straw yields. Wheat fields in southern counties are rapidly maturing and harvest will begin soon. A large amount of hay was cut and baled as warm temperatures and low humidity allowed for good curing.
FIELD CROPS REPORT
There were 6.5 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-seven percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted compared with 43 percent last year and 66 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 98 percent of the crop has been planted in the north, 98 percent in the central region and 95 percent in the south. Eighty-seven percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 15 percent last year and 42 percent for the 5-year average. The national progress number is just behind Indiana at 96 percent. Emerged corn nationally is at 76 percent and 77 percent is rated as good to excellent.
Eighty-seven percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 14 percent last year and 35 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 91percent of the soybean crop has been planted in the north, 89 percent in the central region and 75 percent in the south. Sixty-two percent of soybean acreage has emerged compared with 2 percent last year and 12 percent for the 5-year average. Nationally progress jumps 30 points to 76 percent planted and 35 percent is now emerged.
Ninety-three percent of the winter wheat acreage has headed compared with 40 percent last year and 53 percent for the 5-year average. Condition of winter wheat, still standing, declined slightly and is now rated 70 percent good to excellent compared with 59 percent last year at this time.
LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE REPORT
Livestock remained in mostly good condition during the week. Pasture condition declined due to lack of rainfall and is now rated 66 percent good to excellent compared with 60 percent last year at this time.
Source: Indiana NASS