Fieldwork was variable this week as zero precipitation permitted some areas to be worked all week long, while downpours in other areas kept farmers out the fields for the majority of the week ending June 1, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Temperatures ranged between 51 and 90 degrees this week, varying on average between 5 and 10 degrees above normal statewide. Precipitation across the state was sporadic, with totals ranging from 0 to 1.87 inches.
Indiana corn planted reached 95% and total emergence is up to 83%. The northern part of the state led in corn emergence at 86%, followed by 84% in central and 76% in the south. Nationally planted corn acres total 95% as well, and emergence is right at the 5-year average of 80%.
Indiana corn condition is rated 70% good to excellent and 76% of the national crop is in the good to excellent category. This is the first condition report of the season.
The national soybean crop is 78% planted and 50% emerged. In Indiana the numbers are slightly better at 81% planted and 55% emerged. For Indiana soybeans planted, the north led at 87%, compared with 84% and 66% in central and south respectively.
Winter wheat heading was nearest completion in the south at 92%, followed by central at 85% and north at 75%.
Where weather permitted, farmers were finishing up corn and soybean planting, including replanting of any flood-damaged stands. Corn that had emerged yellow was greening nicely with warmer temperatures. Sidedressing corn and spraying for weeds was well under way. Winter wheat continues to fare well, with most of the crop headed. Warm weather and good breezes made ideal conditions for hay cutting. Other activities this week included scattered tilling and mowing of roadsides.