Heavy rains as well as wind, hail and lightning, took a toll on crops last week, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. A few days of dry, warm weather were outshined by rain at the beginning and end of the week. Many areas of the state received two or more inches of rain, with some areas receiving in excess of five inches of rain, adding more unneeded moisture to already soaked fields. There were 2.3 days suitable for field work, 0.5 days higher than the previous week.
Farmers were challenged to find a window to combine winter wheat, cut and bale hay, bale straw and plant double-crop soybeans this week. Winter wheat harvest continued slowly, but those who found a little window to harvest reported wheat of low quality. There have been reports of elevators rejecting wheat loads due to the presence of vomitoxin. Winter wheat left unharvested continues to have quality issues, including problems with scab, sprouting and mold. Soybeans looked pretty good in places that were not drowned out. Several farmers were able to spray soybean fields that had been previously neglected due to wet field conditions. Corn growth and condition continued to be variable across the State depending upon soils and moisture. Early plantings on well-drained soils were looking better than later planted corn struggling with excessive moisture and nutrient deficiency. There were reports of tasseling in corn only 2-3 feet high. Although feedlots remain sloppy, livestock were in good condition. In some areas, cattle were being kept off pastures to prevent them from becoming mud pits. Other activities for the week included spraying fungicides and herbicides where possible and attending county fairs.
Regionally, winter wheat harvested was 44% in the North, 76% in Central, and 93% in the South. Soybeans blooming was 50% complete in the North, 49% in Central and 59% in the South. By region, soybean conditions rated good to excellent were 40% in the North, 39% in Central and 41% in the South. Corn silking was 41% complete in the North, 45% in Central and 80% in South. By region, corn conditions rated good to excellent were 40% in the North, 45% in Central and 54% in the South.
National corn condition remains steady at 69% in the good to excellent category. With 62% of soybeans rated good to excellent, there is no change in that number from a week ago.