The Harvest Window Remains Largely Open

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We’ve got colder air moving through Indiana the next 5-6 days. It’s time now for the Seed Genetics Direct Harvest Weather Forecast with Chief Meteorologist Ryan Martin. Order from Seed Genetics Direct and save $4 per unit of soybeans, $10 per unit of corn, and 11% more when you pay by Nov. 10!

Martin says we’ll see a little more cloud cover and, at times, we could see some scattered showers.

“However, moisture is not formidable at all. For example, when we see clouds around on Saturday, we can do some spits and sprinkles, maybe an isolated shower in northern Indiana, few hundredths to a tenth maximum. Next Tuesday, when we have another round of very cold air diving southward, moisture comes out of Michigan into northern Indiana, a few hundreds to a tenth or two. That is all, but coverage only about 25%. You get the idea. Moisture can be around, but it’s not going to be a big impact on harvest.”

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The cold air in Martin’s forecast will bring an end to the growing season in most areas the first part of next week.

“Monday morning, Tuesday morning, Wednesday morning: one, two or all three of those will be seeing frost and freeze conditions statewide. And I think we will be putting in some sub-freezing and even some sub-30-degree temperature readings in that timeframe. So, this is going to give the last little crisping off to some weeds and definitely any crops that are still holding on to some green.”

Following that, Martin calls for a complete reversal back to the conditions we’ve been seeing the past couple of weeks.

“That is well above normal temperatures, sunny, warm, and dry. Excellent evaporation Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday. I do think that we’re squeezing Sunday out there as well. And I’ll even move it into the extended 11-16 day forecast window. The 24th and 25th I think are sunny, warm and dry. So, harvest has a lot of potential going forward here. Not many hiccups in the week to two weeks ahead.”

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Martin’s full Harvest Weather Forecast will be in your inbox Saturday morning if you’re subscribed to the HAT e-newsletter brought to you by First Farmers Bank & Trust and AcrePro, where land is their expertise, but people are their focus.

October WASDE Report Shows Lower Corn, Soybean Production

USDA’s October World Ag Supply and Demand Estimates and Crop Production Reports call for lower U.S. corn and soybean production.

The corn outlook is for reduced supplies, greater feed and residual use, lower exports and corn used for ethanol, and smaller ending stocks. Corn production is forecast at 13.8 billion bushels, down 49 million on a reduction in yield to 171.9 bushels per acre. Corn supplies are forecast at 15.32 billion bushels, with the season-average corn price up five cents to $6.80.

In Indiana, USDA pegs the corn yield at 187 bushels per acre, 8 bushels lower than last year’s yield but 1 bushel higher than last month’s forecast. Total production is expected to be 8% lower than 2021 at 944 million bushels.

U.S. oilseed production is forecasted at 126.9 million tons, down 1.6 million from September.

Soybean production is forecast at 4.3 billion bushels, down 65 million on lower yields now projected at 49.8 bushels. Supplies dropped by 31 million bushels, with the season-average soybean price down 35 cents to $14.00.

Indiana soybean production is expected to total 344 million bushels. USDA projects soybean yield at 59 bushels per acre.

The wheat outlook is for lower supplies, domestic use, exports, and stocks. The season-average farm price rose 20 cents to $9.20.

Pork Before the Supreme Court

Oral arguments were heard Tuesday by the U.S. Supreme Court regarding California’s Proposition 12. Prop 12 bans the sale of pork in California from the offspring of sows kept in pens that do not meet its prescribed dimensions of 24 square feet per sow, even if the hogs were raised outside of California.

“If Proposition 12 is lawful, New York can say the pigs have to have 26 feet of space and send inspectors into farms to police farms as California does,” says Timothy Bishop, the lawyer representing the National Pork Producers Council and American Farm Bureau before the Supreme Court. He went on to say, “Oregon could condition imports on workers being paid the minimum wage and Texas can condition sales on the producer employing only lawful U.S. residents. And at that point, we have truly abandoned the framer’s idea of a national market.”

Edwin Kneedler, lawyer with the office of the U.S. Solicitor General, agrees that Prop 12 is unconstitutional.

“Proposition 12 imposes a trade barrier based on conduct beyond California’s borders. It fails to respect the autonomy of California’s sister states. It invites conflict and retaliation.”

Bishop argued that there will be immense cost to the industry as well as immense harm to pigs that leads to no safety benefit for consumers.

“I have a dozen pork farmers in the court today who would testify at trial that they are being forced by distributors, and packers, and retailers to comply with Prop 12 in a way that they think kills pigs, that harms their workers, and makes it extremely difficult for them to operate their farms in a way that they think is efficient and safe…We believe we are entitled to a trial to show that.”

The National Pork Producers Council says the cost to implement Prop 12 has been measured to be approximately $3,500/sow, a cost that farmers will need to pass onto consumers at a time of record inflation. Farm Bureau President Zippy Duvall says that has the potential to put small hog farmers out of business.

The National Pork Producers Council said in a statement following the oral arguments, “As we’ve contended since 2018, one state should not be able to regulate commerce in another state and set arbitrary standards that lack any scientific, technical, or agricultural basis. NPPC presented a strong case and is confident in its arguments presented to the Supreme Court Justices. We appreciate the support of the Biden Administration and look forward to the Court’s decision.”

Attorneys General from many pork producing states supported NPPC and Farm Bureau, including Indiana.

Pioneer Agronomist: Keep ‘Hammering Down on Soybeans’ if Moisture Levels are Adequate

Weather has been incredibly cooperative the past few weeks to get harvest moving along.

“We’re probably around 30-40% done up in Northwest Indiana,” explains Pioneer field agronomist Carl Joern. “Significantly more bean acres have been taken off here this fall.”

As for yields coming out of those fields, Joern looks to the later start to planting due to wet conditions followed by a long dry stretch in the middle of the growing season.

“I’ve been saying all growing season long that the soybeans had the upside. Corn endured a little bit more stress weatherwise, lack of precipitation in the middle of the growing season and we also got some decent cloud cover there at the earliest stages of grain fill. So, that took the top off a little bit. Beans have been meeting expectations or coming above. Corn yields, I’d characterize them as a little bit more variable. Some folks are raising the best corn they’ve ever had and other folks are coming in around APH.”

Joern joked that if you’re playing along at home, there’s that word “variable” coming from an agronomist that you can cross off, though I assured him it’s likely already crossed off.

He says moisture levels in soybeans had been low, below 9%, prior to this recent cold snap. If your soybeans are back to adequate moisture levels, Joern recommends hammering down and knocking those out this week.

“If your soybeans are dry, hammer down on corn. If your soybeans are at adequate moisture, let’s get those puppies taken care of and then all we have to do is sit on one crop and we can get started earlier in the morning taking the corn off.”

As harvest moves along, Joern encourages farmers to keep a close eye on their equipment, walking out behind the combine to make sure you’re not robbing yourself of yield.

“For every soybean or corn kernel, and I’m talking about just one, that is left behind in the field per square foot, we’re leaving $3 in the field. So, ensure you continue to update those combine settings and tighten up that machine. Every single one of those kernels and beans counts this year given where commodity prices are.”

Hear the full HAT interview with Pioneer agronomist Carl Joern below where he also discusses how Plenish high oleic soybeans have performed this harvest season and why you should consider them for 2023.

Ag Manufacturers Still Struggling to Find Enough Parts

Agricultural manufacturers are still struggling to get enough parts to continue to put together their products. Dr. Kanlaya Barr is director of corporate economics with John Deere. She spoke at the recent Ag Outlook Forum in Kansas City and talked about the kinds of parts they’re regularly missing.

“This is like whacking a mole. You have these parts here, and the next part is missing. So, our employees are working so hard along with our dealers, as well, trying to help work through this. You know, we have chartered company planes or (other) planes to go and pick up parts in different parts of the world. We also chartered vessels to go and do that. So, things continue to be difficult, but, as you know, we have quite a bit of machines that sitting because of a few parts. Once we can get these parts coming in, I think that situation would continue to improve.”

Demand is expecting to pull back in the next year or two due to economic concerns. She says that may help manufacturers catch up on their back orders and re-establish supply chains.

“As we think about the economy, the outlook is looking like we’re gonna see some of that slowing down in demand over the next 12 to 18 months here, so I think that would also help improving supply. As to when exactly, I can’t give the exact time, but I would think that with the macro (economy) softening, we will continue to see that improve in our availabilities.”

One of the biggest challenges Deere and other manufacturers are facing is not enough labor.

“As we talked about, the labor availability continues to be a problem. I think that we still have big operations in North America. We still have a big operations in Iowa. But increasingly, we also realize that having rural operations is becoming more difficult for us in terms of labor availability, so those are kind of things that we’re thinking about, days in and days out. But we’ll definitely to be able to deliver products to our customers in the right time, at the right place, so that continues to be our key that drives our decisions.”

Source: NAFB News Service

The Weather Continues to Cooperate With Harvest

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We have a frosty start to our harvest weekend, but longer-term, Chief Meteorologist Ryan Martin’s forecast looks promising. This is the Seed Genetics Direct Harvest Weather Forecast. Order from Seed Genetics Direct and save $4 per unit of soybeans, $10 per unit of corn, and 11% more when you pay by Nov. 10!

Martin says there will be frost but there are really no other areas of concern.

“Dry weather continues through at least next Wednesday midday, and we’re definitely looking at temperatures bouncing a little bit as we move through your Sunday into the start of next week. So, the frost is only going to, I think, cause a little bit of a slowdown. I think the frost is going to be the equivalent of a heavy dew here each of the next couple of mornings. So, it’ll take till midday or early afternoon to burn off but then we can get right back to very strong harvest activity.”

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We do have a cool front working through Indiana Wednesday night into Thursday.

“At this point, it does look like it has decent coverage of moisture, probably 75-80 percent coverage across the Hoosier state. However, moisture totals are relatively minor. I’m going to say anywhere from a few hundredths to a tenth or two on the low end to maybe half an inch on the top, and that half inch total is going to be downstate a little bit more rather than up north. I really think it’s gone by Thursday midday. We’re starting to dry down immediately afterwards, but another round of cold air is coming with that.”

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That cold air will hold for a couple of days.

“So, Thursday afternoon and Friday, we’re starting to moderate temperatures the following Saturday, and right now it looks like we have dry weather that goes all the way through next weekend and a large chunk of the week of the 17th. Extended forecast models show very little significant moisture heading towards us. So, again, very good opportunities for harvest over the next two weeks.”

Martin’s full Harvest Weather Forecast can be found at hoosieragtoday.com or in your inbox if you’re subscribed to the HAT e-newsletter. It’ll come each Saturday morning throughout the harvest season brought to you by AcrePro, where land is their expertise, but people are their focus, and First Farmers Bank & Trust.

Attending the Purdue College of Ag a Family Tradition

Bryan Overstreet (far left) and his family gather together for the Purdue Ag Alumni tailgate at Ross-Ade Stadium for Purdue Ag Day 2022. Photo: Eric Pfeiffer/ Hoosier Ag Today

It’s no wonder why students interested in agriculture attend Purdue University. The Purdue College of Agriculture was recently ranked as a top 5 ag school in the country and a top ten ag school in the world. But for many, they want to attend Purdue because, simply, it’s a family tradition. Take for example Bryan Overstreet, a 3rd generation Purdue Ag Alumni.

“My grandfather came to Purdue in the ‘30s during the depression and graduated in 1936,” Overstreet explains. “He started as an ag teacher and taught ag for several years, mostly to GIs after World War 2, and then started buying some farm ground. My dad farmed that ground until he retired a few years ago, and he graduated in ‘62 in ag econ. And then at one time there were four of us boys all at Purdue with three of us in the ag school.”

Bryan graduated in ’85 and then again in ’92 with his Masters. The most recent graduate was Bryan’s son in 2016 who received degrees in Agricultural Systems Management and Ag Econ.

Bryan says Purdue was never forced on any of them, it was just always the plan. And the Purdue tradition extends beyond just those 4 generations. His wife and daughter-in-law graduated from Purdue, and they have many other connections.

“I have a cousin that’s one of the counselors in ag econ and I think she’s figured she’s counseled at least 40 family members going through ag econ. So, we joke we’ve got a couple cousins we let go to IU because they wanted to be doctors, but other than that it’s pretty much a Purdue family.”

And Bryan believes the Purdue tradition will continue as there’s another little Overstreet already decked out in Boilermaker gear.

“He’s about a year and a half old, so we’ve already got some pictures of him at the fountain and he’s already checking out his class schedule!”

Bryan loves Purdue so much he now works for them as well. He’s the Purdue Extension Director in Jasper County.

Pioneer Agronomist: Early Corn Yields ‘Better Than Expected’

“We could probably use the term variable to describe corn yields, but it might be more appropriate to say that they are better than expected,” says West Central Indiana Pioneer agronomist Ben Jacob in our first Pioneer agronomy update of the harvest season.

He tells Hoosier Ag Today that corn yields have been, in many cases, pretty close to the field’s best average, something many growers weren’t expecting.

“If we think back to the drought stress that we had in June and at the beginning of July, and then when the rain finally did come that it brought overcast days with it for really about three weeks straight. It’s hard to track on the weather line but it has a noticeable impact on the crop coming through pollination. We’ve seen a little bit of tip back and just overall some questions about how good of a yield we were going to have.”

Jacob says early soybean yields have been outstanding for the most part.

“Pretty light disease year overall. We had SDS in some pockets if the genetics weren’t covering that up.”

Jacob is excited about the early results from Pioneer hybrids and varieties.

“We turned over a lot of our corn lineup and it’s really exciting to see how some of the new genetics are performing, but perhaps more than anything, getting back in the A-Series and selling the core of our own soybean genetics again for the first time in a couple years and seeing just the performance boost we’re getting out of that is really exciting to see.”

Hear the full HAT interview with Pioneer agronomist Ben Jacob below. He also discusses the potential impacts of some light frost that hit West Central Indiana last week.

 

EPA Atrazine Proposal Comment Deadline Nears

Farmers have less than a week left to submit comments on the latest proposal regarding atrazine by the Environmental Protection Agency. The proposal would overturn the recent reregistration of atrazine finalized in 2020, and as agriculture leaders say, would severely limit the use of atrazine.

Gary Marshall, retired Missouri Corn Growers Association CEO and co-chair of the Triazine Network, says farmers should make their voice heard.

“The deadline for comments is October 7. So, if you’re a farmer out there or you’re concerned about your food supply, this would be a great time to make some comments to the EPA. Just telling them that, hey, the science is sound, it’s been sound for a long time, it’s in atrazine’s favor, the product has been out there for 65 years. It doesn’t cause any problems to human health, animals, fish, birds. The only thing it does is help control weeds.”

At issue is the aquatic ecosystem concentration equivalent level of concern, set at 15 parts per billion in 2020 by the EPA. Environmental activist groups retaliated with a lawsuit. The EPA now proposes the aquatic ecosystem concentration equivalent level of concern at 3.4 parts per billion. Marshall calls the proposal unprecedented.

“And as far as I know, this is the first time ever that a product went through the entire process, been reregistered, and actually then EPA comes back and says, oh, never mind, there’s a court case out here, so we might want to take a look at it one more time. But what they’re really intending to do is to make the use so limited in what a farmer can do, you end up losing the product.”

And, if the proposal is made final, it will impact farmers’ pocketbook.

“We used to say it’s $30 an acre to switch costs and then you got to switch to a product it isn’t quite as good a product, so it’s does a poor job of controlling weeds. You add those two things together, its 30 bucks an acre. Now, it’s more like $40 an acre because of the increase in corn prices and the increased cost of other products beyond atrazine. So, for a farmer, it’s a big deal to his bottom line or her bottom line.”

Marshall encourages corn farmers to submit comments to the EPA via fightepa.com.

Source: NAFB News Service

Martin: A Wide-open Harvest Window for Next 10 Days, Maybe Longer

Hoosier Ag Today Chief Meteorologist Ryan Martin has some good news in our first Seed Genetics Direct Harvest Weather Forecast for the season. Order from Seed Genetics Direct before November to get 100% replant on treated soybeans. You can even change your order and pay later! Learn more at seedgeneticsdirect.com.

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Martin’s forecast calls for a wide-open harvest window for the next 10 days and potentially longer.

“To me, it looks like we have one threat of moisture across the Hoosier state between now and the end of next week. That comes overnight next Wednesday night into Thursday. The threat is minor… Other than that, we have no major weather issues in terms of precipitation.”

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Temperatures will be normal to slightly above normal with 60s and 70s as we flip the calendar to October. Martin says, “I think we have excellent evaporation potential here, and decent breezes over the course of the next week to 10 days.”

And Martin’s extended forecast looks favorable too.

“After another front tries to pass through Michigan and the Great Lakes at the end of the 10-day forecast window this upcoming weekend, I think it does leave the door open to the week of the 10th being almost completely dry as well. So, this good harvest weather window could continue well into the month of October.”

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Martin’s full Harvest Weather Forecast can be sent directly to your inbox if you’re subscribed to the HAT e-newsletter. It’ll come each Saturday morning throughout the harvest season brought to you by First Farmers Bank & Trust and AcrePro where land is their expertise, but people are their focus.