With mild temperatures and little to no rain, the weather conditions were near ideal for corn and soybean harvest, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Some farmers were able to work in the fields nearly every day this week due to above average temperatures and no frost. The dry days helped to continue drying down commercial corn and soybean plants. However, several southern counties are considered to be abnormally dry and classified under moderate drought, according to the latest drought monitor. There were 6.4 days available for fieldwork, 0.8 more days than last week.
Corn and soybean harvest continued to progress nicely, with only few fog delays during the week. Both crops are drying down better than expected, allowing farmers to get them off the fields relatively quickly. Soybean yields remain favorable on average and are fairly consistent across the State.
Conversely, farmers are seeing more variable yields for commercial corn as a result of the over-abundance of moisture that occurred in June. Conditions of both corn and soys have improved slightly over the past few weeks. Winter wheat plantings are well ahead of last year and the five year average and are beginning to emerge nicely. Farmers in the drought areas have been hesitant to plant wheat until more moisture arrives. A few fall hay fields were cut and baled. Other activities included harvesting processing tomatoes, finishing up seed corn and silage harvest, tilling fields, laying tile, planting cover crops, spreading fertilizer, and spraying for winter annuals.
Regionally, soybeans harvested was 63% complete in the North, 64% in Central, and 58% in the South. Soybeans rated in good to excellent condition was 48% in the North, 52% in Central, and 51% in the South. Corn harvested for grain was 44% complete in the North, 35% in Central, and 67% in the South. Corn rated in good to excellent condition was 41% in the North, 50% in Central, and 59% in the South. By region, winter wheat planted was 63% in the North, 56% in Central, and 27% in the South.
Harvest is progressing nearly exactly on schedule according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture reported today. With 42 percent of the crop was harvested as of Sunday, ranging from 88 percent of the North Carolina crop to 15 percent of Colorado’s and North Dakota’s, total progress came with in one percentage point of the five-year average.
“While estimates of the crop in the northern regions of the Corn Belt could still shift as harvest gets further underway, we can now see a clearer picture of the 2015 corn grown over much of the country,” said NCGA President Chip Bowling, a grower from Maryland. “Despite difficulties with early season flooding, the overall crop is on track to have the second-highest national average yield on record. At NCGA, we continuously work to grow demand for this sustainable, abundant crop as our nation’s farmers work hard to get it in the bins.”
Over the same period, estimates of the crop condition remained stable with 68 percent of the crop in good or excellent condition. At this time last year, 74 percent of the crop fell within this range.