Farmers received a short break from the rain and were able to make significant progress with corn and soybean plantings, according to Greg Matli, Indiana State Statistician for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Warm temperatures and high winds dried out fields, allowing farmers access to plant and replant fields. The break in the weather was short-lived, as the rain returned later in the week leaving fields saturated in some areas. The statewide average temperature was 69.7 degrees, 6.0 degrees above normal. Statewide precipitation was 1.40 inches, above average by 0.49 inches. There were 4.0 days available for fieldwork for the week ending May 21, up 2.2 days from the previous week.
Indiana corn planting made rapid progress last week advancing to 76% from 26% the previous week. Regionally, corn was 76% planted in the North, 78% in Central, and 71% in the South. Corn was 40% emerged in the North, 46% in Central, and 53% in the South.
Soybeans were 47% planted in the North, 50% in Central, and 40% in the South. Soybeans were 15% emerged in the North, 17% in Central, and 15% in the South. Winter wheat was 58% headed in the North, 84% in Central, and 93% in the South.
Farmers rushed to the fields to get corn and soybeans planted, and in many cases, replanted before the rains returned. The high winds that swept across the state did bring some damage to emerged corn fields, although it does not appear to be widespread. Many farmers were not able to spray due to the high winds.
There were some reports of cutworms in corn fields. Conditions were ideal early in the week for cutting, drying and baling hay. Pastures were green and have benefited greatly from the warm weather, but so have the weeds.