Multiple storms brought below average temperatures and more heavy rainfall, halting fieldwork and slowing crop growth, according to Greg Matli, Indiana State Statistician for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Heavy rainfall occurred throughout the state ranging from 1.09 to 5.06 inches, leading to more ponding in fields and leaving some recently planted crops underwater. Some parts of the state also experienced freezing nighttime temperatures, leading to problems with the recently planted corn and soybeans.
The statewide average temperature was 50.1 degrees, 7.0 degrees below normal. Statewide precipitation was 2.98 inches, above average by 2.04 inches. There were 0.7 days available for fieldwork for the week ending May 7, down 3.1 days from the previous week.
Statewide 51% of the corn has been planted, up from 45% last week and ahead of the average. Regionally, corn was 41% planted in the North, 58% in Central, and 56% in the South. Corn was 10% emerged in the North, 17% in Central, and 36% in the South. Statewide 18% of the corn was emerged up from 10% a week ago.
Soybean planting were 19% complete up from 16% last week. Soybeans were 15% planted in the North, 22% in Central, and 22% in the South. Winter wheat was 70% jointed in the North, 84% in Central, and 92% in the South. Winter wheat was 11% headed in the North, 43% in Central, and 81% in the South.
Very little planting progress was made this week due to the chilly and wet weather. Much of the corn and soybeans that have emerged are yellow or are underwater from localized flooding, especially in low-lying areas. Farmers are concerned that the cold temperatures along with the wet weather may cause germination failure and have begun purchasing more seed to replant. The cooler temperatures have slowed emergence for both crops.
Winter wheat has also suffered some from the weather conditions, with some fields reported to be flattened by wind. It is unclear if there is any permanent damage to the wheat fields. Livestock have shown foot soreness in some parts of the state, leaving some concerned about hoof rot and sores. Some pastures and hay fields ponded and experienced little growth during the week.