A week of unusually hot, dry weather placed stress on crops and livestock across the state, according to the Indiana Field Office of USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Some areas experienced record setting heat over the weekend with temperatures in the mid 90s. Some northern counties are also experiencing the driest spring on record making emergence and growth difficult for planted crops. Replanting has been necessary in some soybean fields because hard, crusted soils led to poor emergence and thin stands. Weed control has been a challenge because windy days have made it difficult to apply herbicides and the hot temperatures have decreased their effectiveness. Farmers continued applying nitrogen to corn acreage during the week.
FIELD CROPS REPORT
There were 6.8 days suitable for field work during the week. Ninety-six percent of corn acreage has emerged compared with 36 percent last year and 60 percent for the 5-year average. Corn condition is rated 56 percent good to excellent compared with 44 percent last year at this time.
Nationally 92 percent of corn has emerged and the good to excellent rating has slipped from 77 percent last week to 72 percent in this week’s report.
Ninety-three percent of the intended soybean acreage has been planted compared with 23 percent last year and 51 percent for the 5-year average. By area, 96 percent of the soybean crop has been planted in the north, 95 percent in the central region and 86 percent in the south. Seventy-nine percent of soybean acreage has emerged compared with 10 percent last year and 27 percent for the 5-year average.
Nationally 89 percent of beans are planted and 61 percent of those acres are emerged.
Ninety-six percent of the winter wheat acreage has headed compared with 71 percent last year and 79 percent for the 5-year average. Condition of winter wheat, still standing, declined slightly and is now rated 66 percent good to excellent compared with 58 percent last year at this time.
LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE REPORT
Livestock were under stress due to the extreme heat. Pasture condition declined further during the week and is now rated 49 percent good to excellent compared with 60 percent last year at this time.