Another week of minimal rain showers and hot temperatures has dried the remaining wet spots and led farmers to run irrigation systems to keep crops from drying out, according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Previously flooded areas have completely dissipated, water levels in drainage systems lowered, and the river waters have receded back below the banks. Crops are beginning to show small to moderate stress levels in sandy and coarse soils. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork, 0.3 days below last week.
Corn and soybean recovery from the June rains remained inconsistent, although soybean fields located in poor drainage areas tended to green up more quickly than the corn. Much of the corn crop remains yellow, and some corn stands have aborted kernels at the ear tips due to the lack of nitrogen and disease. Farmers report small ears for corn and fewer nodes than normal for soybeans. The late application of herbicides left soybeans vulnerable to competitive weeds such as glyphosate-resistant marestail and waterhemp, which have become more prominent with the mild temperatures.
Hay and straw production went into full force as farmers moved into third cuttings for both alfalfa and other hay. Pastures continue to look well, albeit somewhat dry, and livestock is in good condition. Several specialty crops such as mint, cucumbers and potatoes were harvested this week with lower yields from cool temperatures and excess rains.Otherwise, Regionally, soybeans setting pods was 77% complete in the North, 67% in Central, and 76% in the South. Soybeans rated in good to excellent condition was 44% in the North, 46% in Central, and 45% in the South. By region, corn doughing was 44% complete in the North, 41% in Central, and 55% in the South. Corn rated in good to excellent condition was 43% in the North, 49% in Central, and 56% in the South.