USDA released the October Crop Production report on Friday, reducing corn and soybean acres and increasing yield and production for both. The report:
Corn production is forecast at 14.5 billion bushels, up less than 1 percent from the previous forecast and up 4 percent from 2013. Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 174.2 bushels per acre, up 2.5 bushels from the September forecast and 15.4 bushels above the 2013 average. If realized, this will be the highest yield and production on record for the United States. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.1 million acres, down 1 percent from the September forecast and down 5 percent from 2013. Acreage updates were made in several States following a thorough review of all available data.
Soybean production is forecast at a record 3.93 billion bushels, up slightly from September and up 17 percent from last year. Based on October 1 conditions, yields are expected to average a record high 47.1 bushels per acre, up 0.5 bushel from last month and up 3.1 bushels from last year. Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at a record 83.4 million acres, down less than 1 percent from September but up 9 percent from last year. Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough review of all available data.
All cotton production is forecast at 16.3 million 480-pound bales, down 2 percent from last month but up 26 percent from last year. Yield is expected to average 790 pounds per harvested acre, down 31 pounds from last year. Upland cotton production is forecast at 15.7 million 480-pound bales, up 28 percent from 2013. Pima cotton production, forecast at 578,000 bales, was carried forward from last month.
The United States all orange forecast for the 2014-2015 season is 6.96 million tons, up 3 percent from the 2013 – 2014 final utilization. The Florida all orange forecast, at 108 million boxes (4.86 million tons), is up 3 percent from last season’s final utilization. Early, midseason, and Navel varieties in Florida are forecast at 52.0 million boxes (2.34 million tons), down 2 percent from last season’s final utilization. The Florida Valencia orange forecast, at 56.0 million boxes (2.52 million tons), is up 9 percent from last season’s final utilization. In Florida, citrus growing conditions were ideal from the beginning of the citrus bloom to the start of the 2014-2015 season harvest. The California Navel orange harvest is getting underway.
Florida frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) yield forecast for the 2014-2015 season is 1.60 gallons per box at 42.0 degrees Brix, up 2 percent from last season’s final yield of 1.57 gallons per box. Projected yield from the 2014-2015 Early-Midseason and Valencia varieties will be published in the January Crop Production report. All projections of yield assume the processing relationships this season will be similar to those of the past several seasons.
In Indiana, expectations for record corn and soybean crops continue, according to Greg Matli, State Statistician of the USDA, NASS, Indiana Field Office. The October Crop Report is based upon conditions, as of October 1, 2014. Some highlights of the Hoosier report follow:
Indiana corn yield is up two bushels from the September report to a record high 186 bushels per acre, up 9 bushels from last year. Total production is expected to be 1.1 billion bushels, up 3 percent from 2013.
Indiana soybean production is expected to total 296.5 million bushels, up 11 percent from a year earlier. The yield is forecast at a record high 54 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from the September report.
Indiana’s alfalfa hay yield is forecast at 4.10 tons per acre, up 0.4 tons from last year.
Indiana’s other hay yield is forecast at 2.50 tons per acre, up 0.4 tons from last year.